Butland hurt himself moments before conceding Germany’s opener in Berlin’s Olympiastadion and he was in tears as he was taken off on a stretcher.
The Stoke player, 23, said he is “absolutely devastated”.
England manager Roy Hodgson will name his squad for the Euros, which begin in less than 11 weeks, on 12 May.
England face the Netherlands at Wembley in a friendly on Tuesday but Hodgson has no plans to call up a replacement for Butland, who had himself replaced the injured Joe Hart as first-choice keeper on Saturday.
Southampton’s Fraser Forster came on for Butland during the game on Saturday and will start against the Dutch, while Burnley’s Tom Heaton is also in the squad.
Capped four times by his country, Butland has been ever-present for Stoke in the Premier League this season.
The exact length of his recovery period is not yet known.
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